GIF vs. JIF, and Why You’re Right Either Way

While my often controversial word pronunciations have been compiled and documented (see my first-ever blog post), there is one in particular on which I have been rather reticent.  A certain acronym that many of us Internet-dwellers encounter daily.  A certain image format…

In case you forgot to read the title of this post, I refer to the GIF.

Let’s just get this out of the way now – I say it with a hard /g/.  And I know I’m correct.  But here’s the cool part – people who say it with a soft /g/ (i.e., the /j/ sound) are also correct!  Crazy, I know.  I will spend the remainder of this post explaining how I arrived at such an outrageous and outlandish conclusion.  Despite my admitted bias, I feel that I have some measure of authority on the matter, given my knowledge of linguistics and, more important, my capacity to see both sides of the argument.

The .gif file format was introduced to the world in June 1987 by Steve Wilhite while he was working at CompuServe.  As the engineering lead of the team that invented it, by all rightsjif_ad he was the one to name it.  Wilhite called his creation, of course, the GIF (an acronym for “graphics interchange format”), and its intended pronunciation with a soft /g/ was implied in the tagline, “Choosy developers choose GIF,” a deliberate nod to the familiar slogan of Jif peanut butter.

The previous paragraph outlines the most formidable and compelling argument for the “JIF” pronunciation.  After all, if you coin a new word or phrase – even if you’re not an English teacher – you wouldn’t want people mispronouncing it.  I know *I* wouldn’t.  And there’s absolutely nothing wrong* with that sentiment.

*Unless your desired pronunciation is utterly unreasonable, senseless and illogical and does not follow the conventions of the English language.  Mr. Wilhite’s “JIF” pronunciation is in the clear.

(And don’t tell me that GIF‘s acronymic nature excludes it from word status.  Concepts such as laser and radar, both technically acronyms, are well-established in our vernacular and are treated as words.)

Nevertheless, as time went on, more and more English speakers began saying it with an assumed hard /g/ pronunciation.  When this “improper” pronunciation was met with disdain from those who knew better, those in the “GHIF” camp responded by pointing out that the graphics in GIF begins with a hard /g/, and therefore the acronym should likewise be pronounced with a hard /g/.

The “ghiffers” remained steadfast in the face of the thorough, well-articulated case from the other side:point taken

“B-b-but the creator pronounces it ‘JIF!'”

The JIF-sayers had to do better.

The counter-counter-argument from the “jiffers” was that if all acronyms followed that rule, then we would pronounce JPEG “JAY-feg” instead of “JAY-peg,” as the /p/ stands for photographic – or the organisation CARE (Citizens Association for Racial Equality) with a soft /c/.  They reason that acronymic pronunciation is dependent not on the words within the acronym, but rather on what is most phonetically comfortable.

…Which is precisely the point.  Those who pronounce GIF with a hard /g/ do so because it is the more phonetically comfortable or logical to them.  And the same principle applies to those who pronounce it with a soft /g/.

And this is where I start to wax linguistic.  This pronunciation dichotomy is reflective of a very tangible rift in the DNA of English phonology.  English, as a language, can be viewed as a hybrid of Common Germanic and Latin, or more specifically, French – or even more specifically, Norman French.  (English is undoubtedly Germanic, yes, but, for the purposes of this post, I am calling it a hybrid.)  These two parent branches, to put it simply, had different takes on the consonant /g/.  English would spend the next millennium or so trying to figure out how to pronounce this curious letter following its confused childhood.  Does it take after its Germanic mother and use a guttural hard /g/?  Or does it employ a gentler, fronted soft /g/ preferred by its French stepfather?

Language personification aside, the choice comes down, in reality, to its speakers.  When we read, we see not individual letters, but letter combinations.  For me (and most, if not all GHIF-sayers, I would imagine), when I see a /g/ succeeded by an /i/, I think of words such as give, gift, girl, gill, gild, giggle, gizzard, gimmick, giddy, the prefix giga- and the surname Gilbert.  Those who say “JIF” (including creator Steve Wilhite) might model their pronunciation after words such as gin, gist, giraffe and ginger.

It is no surprise, then, that, of all the hard /g/ words I listed, over half of them assuredly are of Germanic origin (gizzard comes from French, giga- is Greek, giggle is imitative and girl and gimmick are of uncertain origin).  Conversely, three out of the four soft /g/ words I provided entered English via French, with gin (alcoholic liquor) being a shortening of geneva.

Whilst hopelessly wading through a cesspool of a website run by JIF-zealots that was dedicated to the “proper” pronunciation of their sacred word, I encountered a beacon of sound thought.  One Erik J. Macki, a like-minded fellow who is evidently well-acquainted with linguistic fundamentals and principles, had posted a comment on the webpage and gave a convincing defence of the hard /g/ pronunciation:

Thank you, Erik.  May your efforts not go unrecognised in the edification of my blog readers.

Therefore, linguistically speaking, using a hard /g/ before the vowel /i/ is as viable and historically supported in English as using a soft /g/, if not more so.

Look.  I get it.  “JIF” was the original intended pronunciation.  I respect that.  But if years of devotion to the study of linguistics has taught me anything, it is to respect language evolution – even when I don’t like it.  Word spellings, meanings and pronunciations change.  People who say “GHIF” are not wrong or improper; they are merely saying the word in the way that comes more natural to them.  If I can live with people pronouncing sherbet as “sherbert,” then Mr. Wilhite can live with people saying “GHIF.”

Bottom line?  JIF-sayers: stop shaming us for pronouncing GIF with a hard /g/.  GHIF-sayers: stop being dicks to the JIF-sayers.






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